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Poor Hydration May Contribute to Obesity, Study Suggests

Matzner Clinic News
Category: Wellness

Researchers have found a significant association between inadequate hydration and both elevated body mass index (BMI) and obesity according to findings published in the July/August 2016 issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

"Our findings suggest that adequate hydration may play a role in weight and prompt further discussion regarding adequate hydration during weight management counseling," write Tammy Chang, MD, MPH, from the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues.

If obese people are not hydrating properly or are eating when they think they are hungry, but are actually thirsty, education may help differentiate the cues, the authors continue.


The Effects of Alcohol on Your Waistline

Matzner Clinic News
Category: Wellness

Before you plan on that glass of wine after a hard day's work, think about the effects of alcohol on your waistline. Alcohol is a combination of carbohydrates, sugar, and ethanol. After its ingestion, it stops in the stomach where a portion of the alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream. The ethanol is sent to the liver where your body burns it before any other source of fuel. During this process, carbohydrates and protein wait to be broken down while fat directly stores into the fat cells located throughout your body.

Furthermore, we must look at the glycemic index, or the speed that foods are digested and how they affect blood sugar levels in the body. The glycemic index of alcohol, maltose specifically which is found in beer, registers around 110, with 100 being pure table sugar. Because of this high spike in blood sugar and the cessation of the burning of other fuel sources, such as fat, alcohol is a double whammy.

Diabetics or those following a ketogenic diet need beware of especially adverse reactions. Alcohol can increase insulin secretion, dropping the blood sugars drastically. The body normally releases its stored glycogen as a response. However, alcohol has a tendency to prevent this, potentially causing hypoglycemia for up to ten hours after drinking. The results are diziness, sleepiness, and disorientation.


How Does the Glycemic Index Affect Your Health?

Matzner Clinic News
Category: Wellness


Many of you have likely heard about the glycemic index, but how much do you know about how it affects your health? The glycemic index is a rating of the effect of foods on blood sugar levels. The higher the food falls on the scale of 0-100, the more rapidly it is digested and absorbed by the body, resulting in higher fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Food that ranks lower on the glycemic index, however, aids in slow digestion and absorption, which in turn results in a gradual rise in blood sugar and insulin levels.

What does this mean for you? Possibly weight gain if large amounts of sugar continue to be flooded into the blood stream. Directly after entering the body, carbohydrates begin the process of converting into sugar. This sugar then enters the bloodstream and the cells to provide energy. Two hormones, insulin and glucagon, regulate the levels of sugar in the blood. Insulin's role is to move sugar into the cells so that it can be utilized for energy when blood sugar is high. Glucagon, on the other hand, helps to release sugar stored in the liver and muscles when blood sugar levels are low. Therefore, the two balance each other out. However, when there is an excess of sugar in the body, insulin locks it in the cells. For this reason, it has been called "the fat storage hormone."


Dr. Matzner Re-elected Vice Chair Licensing Board

Matzner Clinic News
Category: Announcements

We are very excited to announce that Dr. Matzner was recently re-elected Vice Chair of the Illinois Medical Licensing Board by his fellow Board members.  Dr. Matzner has humbly served on this board for four years and is quite honored to be re-elected to this position and serves with 6 MDs and one DO.


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